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There's a broad range of driving offences, but they mainly fall under two categories: dangerous driving, and careless or inconsiderate driving.
The offence of dangerous driving is when driving falls far below the minimum standard expected of a competent and careful driver, and includes behaviour that could potentially endanger yourself or other drivers.
Examples of dangerous driving are:
Distractions are also causes of dangerous driving, for example:
The offence of driving without due care and attention (careless driving) is committed when your driving falls below the minimum standard expected of a competent and careful driver, and includes driving without reasonable consideration for other road users.
Some examples of careless or inconsiderate driving are:
Driving whilst under the influence of alcohol or drugs (legal and illegal) is a specific offence, but can also be considered as dangerous or careless driving.
Read more about alcohol and drug driving
It's an offence to:
Using a mobile phone or handheld device is a specific offence but also can be considered as dangerous or careless driving.
Penalties include points on your licence and a fine. You could lose your licence if you've passed your test in the last two years.
Read more about driving and mobile device use
See the penalty table on the Highway Code website for the latest information about driving penalties.