The Police have a shared responsibility for the Management of Sexual Offenders and Violent Offenders (MOSOVO) when they are released from prison into the community. This is managed in partnership with probation staff and prison staff as well as other agencies such as social services, housing and health. This is known as the Multi Agency Public Protection Agreements (MAPPA).
What does MAPPA do?
MAPPA helps agencies to:
- Identify who may pose a risk of serious harm
- Share relevant information about them
- Assess the nature and extent of that risk
- Devise a risk management plan to manage that risk effectively, protecting victims and the public reducing the risk of further harm.
The majority of sexual offences are done by people who are known to the victim, either as family members, friends or acquaintances. Therefore, central to all risk management is the need to protect previous and potential future victims.
Part of the risk management strategy well be consideration of the necessity to disclose information about offenders to others by the police or other agency lead professionals in order to prevent harm. This could be new partners, landlords or school head teachers. Information will not generally be disclosed to the public unless they are at risk or the disclosure will enable us to better monitor and manage the offender.
Members of the public are able to apply for disclosure of information under Clare's Law and Sarah's Law (see below).
When assessing the risk, we will consider whether it is necessary to disclose information about offenders to others in order to prevent harm. This could be to new partners, landlords or school head teachers. Information will not be disclosed to the public unless they are at risk or if the disclosure will enable us to better monitor and manage the offender.
What type of offenders does MAPPA manage?
- All registered sex offenders
- All offenders who receive a sentence of twelve months or more for a violent offence, or for the small number of sexual offences that do not require the offender to be placed on the sexual offences register.
- Any offender whose previous offending and current behaviour suggests that they may pose a risk of 'serious harm' to others.
Sexual and violent offenders live in our communities and are of no single age, gender, ethnicity or position in society. The offences they commit are unacceptable and often result in significant physical and emotional damage. Their identification and conviction is a priority, as is their post-conviction management and supervision.
Once convicted, many offenders do not go on to commit further offences, however, some do. Our priority is to identify those offenders who pose a high or very high risk of causing further serious harm and take positive action to prevent them from offending again.
Multi-agency public protection panels:
The few offenders who pose the highest risk are referred to a multi-agency public protection panel, and are regularly scrutinised by senior representatives of those agencies involved in offender management. These panels have a wide range of options available to them, including the power to make offenders live in probation hostels.
Who checks it’s all working?
Reviews are carried out by a strategic management board who assess how public protection arrangements are working in each local area. Each board has senior manager representation from each agency and two members of the public, appointed by the Secretary of State, who act as lay advisors in reviewing and monitoring the arrangements and help with improving links to communities.
Other Agencies that co-operate in MAPPA include:
- Youth offending teams
- Jobcentre Plus
- Local education authorities
- Local housing associations and registered social landlords
- Social services including Children's services
- Strategic health authorities
- Care Trusts and NHS Trusts
- Electronic monitoring providers.